Before computers, there were teletypewriters (teletypes). In the 1920s, Telex, a global teletype network for businesses, was established. The first computers used these teletypes, later moving to text terminal screens (CRTs) -- think MSDOS, the Unix command-line, old microcomputers (via TV sets or monitors), etc.
Trivia: "the legacy of teletypewriters lives on in the designations for
serial ports and consoles (i.e., the text-only display mode), which have
the prefix tty, such as
/dev/tty5 for the fifth virtual console."
Text manipulaton and analysis tools, such as
awk, the Perl language, and much more, while created long
ago, are still helpful today!
$ grep teletype back-to-terminal.md | sed -e "s/teletype/TELETYPE/g" Before computers, there were [TELETYPEwriters](http://www.linfo.org/TELETYPE.html) (TELETYPEs). In the 1920s, Telex, a global TELETYPE network for businesses, was established. The first computers used these TELETYPEs, later moving Trivia: "the legacy of TELETYPEwriters lives on in the designations for
Links is an interactive terminal-based web browser.
Linux Users' Group of Davis (LUGOD): Directions to Explorit Nature C (p1 of 10) l i n u x - u s e r s - g r o u p - o f - d a v i s L U G O D Next Meeting: Latest News: Page last April 17: Back to Next Installfest: Feb. 10: AlphaGo and updated: the Terminal TBD Kodi talks 2009 Jul 14 16:19 Events Directions to the Explorit Nature Center Meetings - Next ------------------------------------- - Upcoming - Unscheduled [IMG]Printer-Friendly Version - Past - Presentations ------------------------------------- - Wishlist - Directions Explorit Nature Center (5th Street) - Facilities Photo from DavisWiki.org, by Jason Aller Installfests Demos The Explorit Nature Center (previously Photos called the "Mace Ranch Branch") of the Services Explorit Science Center in Davis is Jobs located on 5th Street, east of
Internet Relay Chat is a client/server based protocol that provides text-based chat rooms ("channels"), as well as direct private messaging. Users connect to a server (and servers can be connected to each other, to expand an IRC network) using an IRC client.
As an example, LUGOD has its own channel, "
on the freenode IRC network.
Along with graphical clients (such as Konversation and Adium), and even web-based interfaces to IRC, there are of course text-based clients. (Not surprising since IRC was created in 1988!)
*** You are now talking to channel #lugod > Hello LUGOD. Screenshot time! *** Topic for #lugod: Linux Users' Group of Davis, CA (http://lugod.org/) // Ne +See also: http://www.lugod.org/meeting/upcoming/ // Always looking for speaker *** #lugod aidian!~aidian@lugod/officers/sys 1491110674
everyone ruuuuuun  22:40 kendrick2 (+i) on #lugod (+nt) * type /help for help Bye!
Slack, the popular "cloud-based team collaboration software" launched in 2013, was originally based on an IRC backend, and offers many IRC-like features (channels, private messages). It's even possible to use an IRC client to connect to Slack!
Bitlbee brings Instant Messengers and more to your IRC clients. Among others, it supports:
Rainbowstream is a terminal-based Twitter client, allowing you to do almost anything a GUI app can:
googler is a command-line tool for accessing Google Search, Google Site Search, and Google News from the terminal.
$ export BROWSER=links ; googler -n 2 lugod
1 Linux Users' Group of Davis (LUGOD): Serving the Sacramento ...
Davis. Meetings 3rd Mondays, social gatherings 1st Tuesdays, mailing lists, installfests, special events.
2 LUGOD - Davis - LocalWiki
Apr 15, 2008 - LUGOD stands for Linux Users' Group of Davis. From their website, they are "a 501(c)(7) non-profit computer club serving Davis, California and ...
googler (? for help)
curl a non-interactive command-line tool (as well as library, used within other programs!) for transferring data with URLs.
$ curl http://www.lugod.org/ > lugod.html
% Total % Received % Xferd Average Speed Time Time Time Current
Dload Upload Total Spent Left Speed
100 39489 0 39489 0 0 28328 0 --:--:-- 0:00:01 --:--:-- 28327
GNU Wget is
$ wget lugod.org
--2017-04-05 22:21:37-- http://lugod.org/
Resolving lugod.org (lugod.org)... 126.96.36.199
Connecting to lugod.org (lugod.org)|188.8.131.52|:80... connected.
HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK
Length: unspecified [text/html]
Saving to: 'index.html'
[ <=> ] 39,463 26.0KB/s in 1.5s
2017-04-05 22:21:39 (26.0 KB/s) - ‘index.html’ saved 
DropBox, the popular file hosting and collaboration service.
dropbox" command-line tool, which allows you to sync, share files via public or private links, exclude files/directories, and more.
rTorrent is a "bittorrent"
client (which also has a daemon mode, and includes
"BitTorrent" is a communications protocol of peer-to-peer file sharing ("P2P")
which is used to distribute data and electronic files over the Internet,
in which each part of a file downloaded by a user is transferred to other users.
termbin.com is a command-line 'pastebin' service. "pastebin" services are websites that host text-based content which can be accessed by a short URL meant for sharing online. In software development communities, for example, programmers use them to post long chunks of text (e.g., a log file, or copious output from a failed build) -- especially in situations where a large paste would be obnoxious (e.g., in an IRC channel!)
Send data to termbin.com's port 9999, e.g. by sending content to
the Unix "netcat" (
stdin, and it will be stored, and
a short URL will be returned. e.g.:
$ echo "just testing!" | nc termbin.com 9999
"All mail clients suck. This one just sucks less."
Mutt is a terminal-based email client.
i:Exit -:PrevPg <Space>:NextPg v:View Attachm. d:Del r:Reply j:Next ?:Help 83 L Mar 23 Nick Schmalenbe `->Re: [vox] [LUGOD] Library 84 L Mar 27 Shwaine `-> 85 L Jun 22 Tony Cratz [vox-tech] Possible for future installfest 86 L Jun 26 Cory Carpenter Re: Quick sponsorship question... 87 L Jun 26 Cory Carpenter `=>Re: [vox-officers] Quick sponsorship question. ---Mutt: =in-vox [Msgs:189 New:1 Flag:1 Inc:1 1.2M]---(threads/last-date-receive Date: Sun, 22 Jun 2008 18:14:28 -0700 From: Tony Cratz <XXXXX@XXXXXXX> Subject: [vox-tech] Possible for future installfest To: email@example.com Reply-To: "lugod's technical discussion forum" <firstname.lastname@example.org> Hello: At the last regular meeting it was suggested we try to get more people to show to the install fest by not only helping with installs but also having a topic we cover which might help others learn about Linux. One of the common issues which always come up is the desire to connect a Linux system to the home network and be able to share files with Microsoft systems. - L- 85/189: Tony Cratz [vox-tech] Possible for future in -- (52%)
Need to do more than one thing at a time?
If you're using a terminal application in a GUI, you can just open multiple terminals; or if it supports 'tabs', open multiple tabs; or do both!
If you're using virtual terminals (i.e., no GUI at all) on Linux, you can switch between them (e.g., [Alt]+[F1], [Alt]+[F2], etc.)
But if you're connected remotely, or need to do more complex actions (scroll back, copy/paste within or between terminal sessions, etc.), you'll want a terminal multiplexer.
Markdown is a text-to-HTML conversion tool. "The idea is that a Markdown-formatted document should be publishable as-is, as plain text, without looking like it’s been marked up with tags or formatting instructions." Enter text like so:
Here is my text.
and it produces:
Here is my text.
This presentations markdown source (created using Vim text editor): back-to-terminal.md, and HTML version back-to-terminal.html.
Pandoc is a "swiss-army knife" for text formats.
It converts from:
To all those, plus
This presentation's markdown, converted to PDF using Pandoc: back-to-terminal.pdf.
Long before MicroSoft Excel, there was the original spreadsheet: "Visicalc". originally released in 1981 for the Apple II personal computer (64KB RAM, 8-bit 6502 CPU, 40x25 or 80x25 text screen). So of course there are terminal-based spreadsheet available today!
vc, written in 1982 by James Gosling (creator of the Java language),
sc was also created in the 1980s!
C12 (10 2 0) [@min(C1:C8)] A B C D E F G 0 Date Topic Attendees 1 1999.01.27 N/A 11.00 2 1999.02.09 N/A 15.00 3 1999.03.16 BoboBot 15.00 4 1999.04.05 N/A 14.00 5 1999.05.03 BSD Unix 22.00 6 1999.05.18 VA Linux 21.00 7 1999.05.31Linux @ UC 23.00 8 1999.06.28Shell BASI 10.00 9 10 Avg 16.38 11 Max 23.00 12 Min 10.00
"Get work done" via my Atari 8-bit home computer!
Check out Command-Line Application Roundup from Linux Journal magazine, issue 198 (October 2010), or search the web (via Links!?) or ask around (LUGOD's IRC channel and mailing lists!?) for even more!