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2010 Aug 10 15:41

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Re: [vox-tech] Apache2 problems
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Re: [vox-tech] Apache2 problems

On Tue, Aug 10, 2010 at 4:19 PM, Chanoch (Ken) Bloom <kbloom@gmail.com> wrote:
On Tue, Aug 10, 2010 at 03:50:00PM -0400, Peter Salzman wrote:
> I set up Apache2 on home Kubuntu box.   I defined one named virtual host in
> addition to "default" that came with the installation.  When I try to access
> the server from work, Firefox responds with "The connection timed out".
> When I run tcpdump -i eth0 tcp port 80, I see the incoming request from work
> to http://www.dirac.org:
> 14:30:42.219003 IP ny-131.foo.com.33188 > satan.www: Flags [S], seq
> 3646786876, win 64512, options [mss 1460,nop,nop,sackOK], length 0
> I also see (what looks to be) the outgoing packets from satan to work:
> 14:30:42.219027 IP satan.www > ny-131.foo.com.33188: Flags [S.], seq
> 2741002130, ack 3646786877, win 5840, options [mss 1460,nop,nop,sackOK],
> length 0
> However, *nothing* is getting written to the logs:
> -rw-r----- 1 root root   0 2010-08-10 12:21 access.log
> -rw-r----- 1 root root   0 2010-08-10 12:21 dirac.org.access
> -rw-r----- 1 root root   0 2010-08-10 12:21 dirac.org.error
> -rw-r----- 1 root root 330 2010-08-10 12:21 error.log
> The file error.log doesn't have anything interesting in it:
> [Tue Aug 10 12:21:00 2010] [notice] Apache/2.2.12 (Ubuntu)
> PHP/5.2.10-2ubuntu6.4 with Suhosin-Patch mod_perl/2.0.4 Perl/v5.10.0
> configured -- resuming normal operations
> [Tue Aug 10 12:21:00 2010] [info] Server built: Mar  9 2010 21:20:44
> [Tue Aug 10 12:21:00 2010] [debug] prefork.c(1013): AcceptMutex: sysvsem
> (default: sysvsem)
> From the lack of entries in the log file, it looks like Apache isn't seeing
> the incoming request.  However, tcpdump seems to be showing otherwise.  Port
> 80 is forwarded to the Linux box by the router.

First, we *need* to know the names of the files involved, since the
alphabetical order of the files determines which is the default host
(the first host is default, so you should have
sites-enabled/000-default and sites-enabled/001-dirac).

> In sites.enabled:

Did you verify that this is the correct IP address? (You probably want
to use "*:80" instead.)

> <VirtualHost>
>    ServerAdmin p@dirac.org
>    ServerName  www.dirac.org
>    ServerAlias dirac.org
>    # Indexes + Directory Root.
>    DirectoryIndex index.html
>    DocumentRoot /var/www/
>    # Logfiles
>    ErrorLog  /var/log/apache2/dirac.org.error
>    CustomLog //var/log/apache2/dirac.org.access combined
> </VirtualHost>
> The default enabled site starts off as:

You don't have a ServerName for the default site. Is it
possible that the default is catching all of the requests since it has
no name? Give it a name. Since it's the default (its configuration
file comes first alphabetically), it will still respond
to any unknown hostnames passed in the host header.

The link I quote below says:
"ServerName should always be set for each vhost. Otherwise A DNS lookup
is required for each vhost."

> <VirtualHost>
>    ServerAdmin p@dirac.org
>    DocumentRoot /var/www
>    . . .
> </VirtualHost>
> Any ideas what could be preventing this from working?

For more information about Apache virtual host ordering, see


Interesting -- I didn't know that the sites were read in alpha order. Also, I guess the wildcard for the NameVirtualHost is a better idea.

Unfortunately, didn't fix the problem, but more weirdness came up.   I can't telnet to dirac.org port 80, which would explain why the logs aren't being touched.   But then I'm at a loss as to how tcpdump apparently sees the connection:

 tcpdump -i eth0 tcp port 80

16:40:32.104293 IP ny-131.foo.com.10096 > satan.www: Flags [S], seq 1653467397, win 64512, options [mss 1460,nop,nop,sackOK], length 0

16:40:32.104314 IP satan.www > ny-131.foo.com.10096: Flags [S.], seq 329481650, ack 1653467398, win 5840, options [mss 1460,nop,nop,sackOK], length 0

It looks like the packets are getting forwarded correctly, but nobody is listening.  The port is set correctly in /etc/apache2/ports.conf and I verified that apache2 is indeed running.   It's such a mystery!  :-(

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