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Re: [vox-tech] Reverse SSH Tunneling (Solved)
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Re: [vox-tech] Reverse SSH Tunneling (Solved)



   I finally got access to the video server and discovered that it couldn't 
even ssh to localhost. It turns out sshd was not running - because I 
hadn't installed openssh-server. Ubuntu requires ssh to be installed 
explicitly, and I must have forgotten that sshd is a separate 
installation. Sorry for the long post about nothing!

On Fri, 14 Mar 2008, Chris Jenks wrote:

>   I am trying to manage a video recording server that is a hassle to gain
> physical access to, and is behind a firewall. Until a few weeks ago I was
> able to have it download and execute a script containing this command:
>
> ssh -p 443 -N -o StrictHostKeyChecking=no -R2222:localhost:22
> root@75.206.132.66 -2
>
> which would connect it to my Dad's Linksys router running OpenWRT. The
> reason I used port 443 is that outgoing port 22 is blocked by the firewall.
> Then I would shell into the router and connect to the video server with:
>
> ssh -p 2222 chris@localhost
>
> which gave me access. After some problems with kernel versions on the
> debian-based video server, I replaced the OS with ubuntu 7.10, to match my
> workstations, but I haven't been able to get the reverse SSH working. It
> seems that the video server is able to SSH out, but the reverse tunneling is
> broken. To make testing easier I set up my server at home to receive the SSH
> connection from the video server, with my router translating port 443 to
> port 22 on the home server. Before the video server connects, I get
> Connection Refused when I try to reverse SSH from the home server, and after
> the video server connects I get:
>
> ssh_exchange_identification: Connection closed by remote host
>
> showing that there is an active connection from the video server that lasts
> for an hour or two. What is especially odd about this situation is that I
> can connect from my ubuntu workstation at work, which is also behind a
> firewall, and reverse SSH back to it successfully. The most frequent reason
> for the above error is a problem with the hosts.allow or hosts.deny files,
> but these files are unaltered (and fully commented out) on both the video
> server and the workstation. The other reason I've read is that there are too
> many SSH connections, and that the error goes away if the connections are
> allowed to time out. I've tried kpill ssh on the video server and waiting
> overnight to no avail.
>
> Here is the debug output for the reverse SSH command, when trying to connect
> to the video server from my home server:
> ssh -vvv -p 2226 chris@localhost:
>
> OpenSSH_4.7p1 Debian-2, OpenSSL 0.9.8g 19 Oct 2007
> debug1: Reading configuration data /etc/ssh/ssh_config
> debug1: Applying options for *
> debug2: ssh_connect: needpriv 0
> debug1: Connecting to localhost [127.0.0.1] port 2226.
> debug1: Connection established.
> debug1: identity file /home/chris/.ssh/identity type -1
> debug3: Not a RSA1 key file /home/chris/.ssh/id_rsa.
> debug2: key_type_from_name: unknown key type '-----BEGIN'
> debug3: key_read: missing keytype
> debug3: key_read: missing whitespace (25 times)
> debug2: key_type_from_name: unknown key type '-----END'
> debug3: key_read: missing keytype
> debug1: identity file /home/chris/.ssh/id_rsa type 1
> debug1: identity file /home/chris/.ssh/id_dsa type -1
> ssh_exchange_identification: Connection closed by remote host
>
> When I try to connect to my workstation from my home server with an
> equivalent command, only the last line above changes:
>
> [...]
> debug1: identity file /home/chris/.ssh/id_dsa type -1 (as before)
> debug1: Remote protocol version 2.0, remote software version OpenSSH_4.6p1
> debug1: Debian-5ubuntu0.1
> debug1: match: OpenSSH_4.6p1 Debian-5ubuntu0.1 pat OpenSSH*
> debug1: Enabling compatibility mode for protocol 2.0
> debug1: Local version string SSH-2.0-OpenSSH_4.7p1 Debian-2
> [...]
>
> I searched auth.log on the video server for sshd entries, but there weren't
> any. However, I was able to obtain the debug output from the command:
>
> ssh -vvv -p 443 -N -o StrictHostKeyChecking=no -R2226:localhost:22
> chris@mydomain.tld
>
> [...]
> debug1: Entering interactive session.
> debug1: remote forward success for: listen 2226, connect localhost:22
> debug1: client_input_channel_open: ctype forwarded-tcpip rchan 2 win
> 2097152 max 32768
> debug1: client_request_forwarded_tcpip: listen localhost port 2226,
> originator 127.0.0.1 port 39823
> debug2: fd 4 setting O_NONBLOCK
> debug2: fd 4 setting TCP_NODELAY
> debug3: fd 4 is O_NONBLOCK
> debug3: fd 4 is O_NONBLOCK
> debug1: channel 0: new [127.0.0.1]
> debug1: confirm forwarded-tcpip
> debug3: channel 0: waiting for connection
> debug1: channel 0: not connected: Connection refused
> debug2: channel 0: zombie
> debug2: channel 0: garbage collecting
> debug1: channel 0: free: 127.0.0.1, nchannels 1
> debug3: channel 0: status: The following connections are open:
>
> debug3: channel 0: close_fds r 4 w 4 e -1 c -1
> debug3: fd 0 is not O_NONBLOCK
> debug3: fd 1 is not O_NONBLOCK
> debug3: fd 2 is not O_NONBLOCK
> debug1: Transferred: stdin 0, stdout 0, stderr 0 bytes in 228.0 seconds
> debug1: Bytes per second: stdin 0.0, stdout 0.0, stderr 0.0
> debug1: Exit status 0
>
> The same command from the workstation gives:
>
> [...]
> debug1: confirm forwarded-tcpip (as before)
> debug3: channel 0: waiting for connection (as before)
> debug1: channel 0: connected
> debug2: channel 0: rcvd eof
> debug2: channel 0: output open -> drain
> debug2: channel 0: obuf empty
> debug2: channel 0: close_write
> debug2: channel 0: output drain -> closed
> debug2: channel 0: read<=0 rfd 4 len 0
> debug2: channel 0: read failed
> debug2: channel 0: close_read
> debug2: channel 0: input open -> drain
> debug2: channel 0: ibuf empty
> debug2: channel 0: send eof
> debug2: channel 0: input drain -> closed
> debug2: channel 0: send close
> debug3: channel 0: will not send data after close
> debug2: channel 0: rcvd close
> debug3: channel 0: will not send data after close
> debug2: channel 0: is dead
> debug2: channel 0: garbage collecting
> debug1: channel 0: free: 127.0.0.1, nchannels 1
> debug3: channel 0: status: The following connections are open:
>   #0 127.0.0.1 (t4 r2 i3/0 o3/0 fd 4/4 cfd -1)
>
> debug3: channel 0: close_fds r 4 w 4 e -1 c -1
> debug1: Killed by signal 2.
>
> I realized that scp should work if ssh does, and indeed I can copy files
> both to and from the video server with scp run on the video server. Any
> guesses why the reverse SSH is getting stuck?
>
>   Thanks,
>
>     Chris
> _______________________________________________
> vox-tech mailing list
> vox-tech@lists.lugod.org
> http://lists.lugod.org/mailman/listinfo/vox-tech
>
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