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2002 Jan 17 17:29

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Re: [vox-tech] C question: global vs local const
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Re: [vox-tech] C question: global vs local const



> ---- ORIGINAL MESSAGE ----
> Date: Thu, 17 Jan 2002 15:04:38 -0800
> To: vox-tech@lists.lugod.org
> From: Peter Jay Salzman <p@dirac.org>
> Subject: [vox-tech] C question: global vs local const
> Reply-To: vox-tech@lists.lugod.org
> 
> when ratio and K are defined externally, gcc complains about a
> non-constant initializer:
> 
>    const double ratio = 2.0L;
>    const double K = ratio;
>    
>    int main(void)
>    {
>       return 0;
>    }
> 
> however, when defined as local variables, there's no problem.
> 
>    int main(void)
>    {
>       const double ratio = 2.0L;
>       const double K = ratio;
>    
>       return 0;
>    }
> 
> why isn't const being honored for the global variable version?

do you have a more thorough piece of demonstration code for what you're trying to do. Both of 
these pieces of code, as written, should initialize K and ratio to the value of 2.0, and 
should both do so without compiler warnings or compiler errors. (I may be wrong, assigning 
2.0L to a double in any circumstance may cause warnings to be emitted. Try just assigning 2.0)

However:
/////////BEGIN
extern const double ratio = 2.0L;
extern const double K = ratio;

int main(void)
{
    return 0;
}
/////////END

is illegal, because the extern declaration implies that the variable has been defined in 
another file.

also, putting another assignment statement like K=4.0; right before the return 0; should be 
illegal in both cases.
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