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The following is an archive of a post made to our 'vox-tech mailing list' by one of its subscribers.

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Re: [vox-tech] On-line reference
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Re: [vox-tech] On-line reference

On Thu, Dec 14, 2000 at 12:36:59PM -0800, Peter Jay Salzman wrote:
> On Thu 14 Dec 00,  3:04 PM, George Thomas Finch said...
> > Can any one recommend a good on-line source that explains that default
> > directories, where linux installs program files, like vi, gimp, wordperfect,
> > netscape, etc. And where best to put directories that will be accessed over a
> > network by other computers?

It is traditional to put directories that will be mounted by other hosts in
the network into / and give them names that clearly state their purpose,
e.g., /export, /samba, etc.

As Pete explained, most distribution files (incl. executables like vi and
gimp) go into subdirectories of /usr. It is also common to have a directory
/opt ('options') for commercial software that the administrator has added but
did not come with the operating system. WordPerfect would probably go there
or in /usr/local.

The Unix and Linux filesystem is flexible. Only a few directories are
absolutely required (/etc and /bin). The rest exists by convention and are
designed to keep the thousands of files on a workstation or server organized
by their purpose, the degree to which they are essential to the system, and
their method of packaging.

I believe the Linux Journal has an article this month about the proposed
filesystem hierarchy standard, which seeks to codify common practice to
facilitate interoperability of software between distributions.

Henry House
OpenPGP key available from http://hajhouse.org/hajhouse.asc

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